What are the commonalities and differences between PAPI and PCI?

The following table provides a comparative perspective that highlights the similarities in terms of methodology and differences in terms of underlined population between PAPI and the Provincial Competitiveness Index.

Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index Provincial Competitiveness Index
Objective PAPI and PCI both assess provincial governments based on their performance in terms of governance and public administration to facilitate healthy competition among provinces
  • About 14,000 citizens every year
  • About 10,000 businesses every year
Form of survey
  • Field-trip surveys, face-to-face interviews
  • Mail-out surveys and phone surveys
Scope of survey
  • 63 provinces annually since 2011
  • 63 provinces annually since 2006
Implementing Agencies
  • Centre for Community Support Development Studies (CECODES)
  • Viet Nam Fatherland Front (VFF)
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • Real-Time Analytics (RTA)
  • Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI)
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Construction of the Composite Index
  • Similar general methodology of sub-national indexing, facilitating comparisons between the relative priorities of governance for Vietnamese citizens and businesses
  • Similar index construction and scaling
  • Three steps in index construction: Collection, Construction and Calibration
  • Survey data only
  • Combines survey with hard-data
  • 8 Dimensions
  • 29 Sub-Dimensions
  • More than 120 Indicators
  • 10 sub-indices
  • 128 indicators
Dimensions 1. Participation at Local Levels2.      Transparency in Local Decision-making 3. Vertical Accountability 4.  Control of Corruption in the Public Sector 5.  Public Administrative Procedures 6.  Public Service Delivery 7.  Environmental Governance (from 2018) 8. E-Governance (from 2018) 1. Entry Costs2. Land Access and Tenure Security 3. Transparency 4. Time Costs of Regulatory Compliance 5. Informal Charges 6. Policy Bias 7. Proactive Leadership 8. Business Support Service 9. Labour training 10. Law & Order * Infrastructure (not included in the PCI index)